On-Site Wastewater and Wells

What On-site Wastewater and Well Services do I need?

YES

  1. Municipal Wastewater: No permit required from Environmental Health for wastewater-related services. *** Please contact municipal utilities for further assistance.
  2. Municipal Water: No permit required from Environmental Health for water-related services. *** Please contact municipal utilities for further assistance.

 

 

NO

Continue to Question 2A

On-Site Wastewater Program

Environmental Health Specialists ensure septic systems are built and functioning properly for new homes and facilities. Staff coordinate with developers and homeowners through the process of acquiring permits and approving designs for construction and operations. As part of the process, staff conduct soil evaluations (topography, landscape position, soil wetness, soil depth, etc.) and investigate other potential barriers to determine suitability for septic systems and wells installation.

Additionally, Environmental Health Specialists also investigate complaints about sewage odor associated with failing septic systems and other septic system problems. Failing septic systems are health hazards to the public and require repair within reasonable amount of time. Failing to do so may result in Gaston County Environmental Health issuing notices of violation, which gives a 30-day deadline to fix problems and bring the site into compliance with state and local rules and regulations.

Septic Inspection

On-site Wastewater Services

  1. New Septic System Installation & Repair
  2. Septic System Expansion
  3. Existing System Approval
  4. Existing Septic System Records

To install or repair a septic system on a property to serve a home or business, a septic system permit (Improvement Permit and Authorization to Construct) and final approval (Operation Permit) must be issued prior to receiving a certificate of Occupancy from Building Inspections. 

Please see the steps below about applying for a septic system through Gaston County Environmental Health.

 

  1. Apply for Improvement Permit
  2. After the application and fees have been submitted, the appropriate Environmental Health Specialist (EHS) will contact you schedule a visit the property. You (the applicant) can decide if you want to be present during the visit but it is not necessary. You should have the corners of the proposed house site flagged or marked and provide house dimensions including all accessory structures. Gaston County Environmental Health does not mark property lines. 
  3. Once a soil evaluation is conducted and the soil found suitable for a septic system, the Improvement Permit will be issued and will be valid for 5 years.
  4. When you are ready to build, you must submit an Authorization to Construct application and fee. *** If you also need to install a new well on the property, you will need to apply and pay for that as well at this step. See New Well Installation & Repair under the Well Services section. ***
  5. After the application and fees have been submitted, the Authorization to Construct will be issued and will be valid for 5 years from the date on the corresponding Improvement Permit.
  6. Once a certified septic contractor has installed the system and reported it to Gaston County Environmental Health and the EHS has approved the installation, the Operation Permit will be issued and the Building Inspections office will be notified that the septic system has been approved.


Applications:


Fees:

  • Improvement Permit (IP): $140.00
  • Authorization to Construct (AC): $190.00
  • Repair Permit: $55.00


*** For more information, please contact our office.

*** If a newly constructed private drinking water well will be the water source for the affected property, the Environmental Health Specialist will also need to complete the well inspection including water sampling before the building inspections office will be able to schedule a building final.

Well Inspection & Safe Drinking Water Program

In Gaston County, there are more than 8,000 households using groundwater from private wells. More than 250 private wells were constructed in 2022, and the number is expected to continue increasing. While public drinking water systems are regulated by EPA standards, privately owned wells are not monitored and managed. Still, the construction and abandonment of wells have state and local regulatory standards.

Gaston County Environmental Health is responsible for working with homeowners and developers to ensure that construction of a new private well is compliant of regulatory standards. Improper construction of wells can lead to malfunctioning wells as well as contamination of ground water. As part of the well installation process, Environmental Health Specialists will conduct an initial water testing. Inorganic water samples are sent to the North Carolina State Lab for testing while bacteriological water samples are analyzed at our lab.

Another responsibility of Environmental Health is the investigation of environmental hazards that can contaminate private wells and the distribution of information to the public that follows.

Groundwater can be contaminated through natural processes or through human activities. These contaminants can be noticeable through taste and smell but are often odorless and tasteless and can result in acute and long-term health consequences. Although routine well water testing is not required, we recommend testing regularly between 1 to 5 years to ensure that your groundwater remains healthy for usage and consumption. To request for your groundwater to be tested, please refer to the service below.

Well Inspection

Well Services

  1. New Well Installation & Repair
  2. Well Abandonment
  3. Water Sample Request

Gaston County Environmental Health must permit, inspect, and test to ensure that all newly constructed private wells can supply non-hazardous water for households. The permit specifies an approved location for the well, any special construction requirements, and water quality testing requirements. A well permit is required for: private drinking wells, irrigation wells, geothermal wells, and well repairs.

  1. Apply for a New Well Installation & Repair Permit
  2. After the application and fees have been submitted, the appropriate Environmental Health Specialist (EHS) will visit the property and evaluate the site. You (the applicant) can decide if you want to be present during the visit but it is not necessary. You should have the corners of the proposed house site flagged or marked and provide house dimensions including all accessory structures. Gaston County Environmental Health does not mark property lines. *** If you also need a new septic system installation on the property, the flagging or marking should have already been completed along with the proposed septic system. ***
  3. A certified well contractor of the homeowner’s choice installs the new well and reports it to Gaston County Environmental Health and the EHS will conduct a grout inspection
  4. A certified pump installer of the homeowner’s choice installs a pump. The installer must notify Gaston County Environmental Health of installation completion for a Well Head Inspection. It is the responsibility of the pump installer to call in the Well Head inspection.

Well Permit or Well Repair Application


Fees:

  • Well Permit: $360.00

*** For more information, please contact our office.